Odessa-Nikolaev-Kherson, Ukraine Marriage Tour
INFO ABOUT KHERSON
The administrative center of Kherson Province. Major river and sea port. Industrial center specializing in ship-building, agricultural
machine-building, and canning industry. The population of the city - 375,000.In 1778 on the site of Fort Alexander-Schanz the city of
Kherson was founded. In 1803 it became the administrative center of Kherson Province. Ukrainians, Russians and German colonists contributed
to the development of the territory. Region (history) The area of the province - 28,500 sq.km. The population of the province - 1,283,000.
Like all of the southern Ukraine, the province is densely spotted with archeological excavation sites (mezolithic, copper and bronze ages). In 8th-7th centuries B.C. the Kherson steppes were a part of the Scythian state. In the 2nd century B.C. the area was inhabited by the Sarmats and proto-Slavic tribes. In the 2nd-6th centuries A.D. there were rather numerous Slavic settlements.
In the 10th-13th centuries the area was a part of Kyiv Rus, but after the Tartar-Mongol invasion it fell under the control of the Crimean Khannat, which in its turn in the 15th century became a part of the Turkish Ottoman Empire. After the Cossacks, the most militant of the Ukrainian population, founded Zaporizka Sich, a heavily fortified military base on the southern frontier of the Slav territory, numerous raids against Tartars and Turks were carried out. In the 18th century several more "siches" (military bases) were founded, which considerably lessened Moslem control of the territory. In 1774 the territory became a part of the Russian Empire.
Kherson is located in the south of Ukraine on the right bank of the Dnepr river. The city was founded in 1778 by Grigory Potemkin. It was the cradle of the Black Sea merchant navy. Kherson is a large sea and river port today. There are two museums in the city - the Museum of Local Lore and the Arts Museum, the Philharmonic Hall, the Puppet Theatre, the Music and Drama Theatre, numerious architectural monuments. The exposition of the Arts Museum includes paintings of 18-20th centuries.
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